LAT Gel in paediatric lacerations in the Emergency Department - lidocaine 4%, adrenaline 0.1% and tetracaine 0.5% gel
|Next review: 15/09/2023|
|Approved By: Trust Clinical Guidelines Group|
|Copyright© Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust 2020|
This Clinical Guideline is intended for use by healthcare professionals within Leeds unless otherwise stated.
Use of LAT Gel in paediatric lacerations in the Emergency Department
This guideline describes the use of Lidocaine-Adrenaline-Tetracaine gel for the local anaesthesia of paediatric lacerations.
To improve the management of paediatric lacerations by reducing pain and distress.
The adequate anaesthesia of wounds in children is vital to ensure that they might be cleaned, explored and closed satisfactorily.
The infiltration of lacerations with lidocaine anaesthetic may be appropriate in older children and is often tolerated well, especially if Entonox is used during the infiltration.
In younger children it is easier and less distressing for the child and parents to apply a local anaesthetic mixture. This can be “topped up” with infiltrated lidocaine if required.
- Children 1 year of age and older
- Laceration that is likely to require suturing in the ED: length/ size irrelevant
- Deep and stellate wounds
- Wounds under tension or over joints
- Wounds requiring exploration, cleaning or debridement
- Wounds that are contaminated with soil/ faeces & needs careful cleaning
- Wound is to digit (distal to MCP/MTP joint), pinna, nasal alae or penis
- Injury is greater than 8 hours old
- Bite, crush or flap wound
- Wound in or near mucosal surface including eye, nose or mouth
- Laceration involves injury to cartilage, bone, joint
- Injury to tendon, nerves or blood vessels
- Previous reaction to local anaesthetic
- History of cholinesterase deficiency
- Always wear gloves when handling topical anaesthetic
- Draw up amount of solution to be used in syringe according to age and wound size:
- Use 1ml of solution per cm of wound length up to maximum allowed
- Maximum amount depends on age:
- Age 1-3 years 2 ml
- Age greater than 3 years 3 ml
- Apply no more than half of solution to edges of wound by dropping from syringe or using cotton applicator
- Cut swab to appropriate size to cover wound. Soak swab piece with remainder of solution and apply to wound secured firmly with bandage or occlusive dressing
- Instruct parent/guardian to ensure child does not put dressing into mouth or eyes and to inform staff immediately if dressing becomes loose
- Inform patient/parents of time for removal (30 minutes after application) and advise them to contact ED staff if they have not been seen by this time.
- Complete the attached audit form, and file in the patients notes.
Reduce pain and distress in children undergoing wound cleaning and repair. Improve pain free cleaning and closure of wounds.
Use of LAT Gel in paediatric lacerations
|Target patient group:||Children in the emergency department|
|Target professional group(s):||Pharmacists
Secondary Care Doctors
References and Evidence levels:
Kendall JM. Topical anaesthesia for children’s lacerations: an acceptable approach. J Accid Emerg Med 13(2):119-22 (Evidence level B)
Resch K. Topical anesthesia for pediatric lacerations: a randomised trial of lidocaine-epinephrine-tetracaine solution versus gel. Annals of Emerg Med.
32(6):693-7 (Evidence level A)
A. Meta-analyses, randomised controlled trials/systematic reviews of RCTs
B. Robust experimental or observational studies
Trust Clinical Guidelines Group
LHP version 2.0
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