Yorkshire Hartford Gentamicin Regimen - Adults

Publication: 01/08/2009  --
Last review: 20/09/2019  
Next review: 20/09/2022  
Clinical Protocol
CURRENT 
ID: 1944 
Supported by: Yorkshire Antibiotic Pharmacists Group
Approved By: Improving Antimicrobial Prescribing Group 
Copyright© Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust 2019  

 

This Clinical Protocol is intended for use by healthcare professionals within Leeds unless otherwise stated.
For healthcare professionals in other trusts, please ensure that you consult relevant local and national guidance.

Yorkshire Hartford Gentamicin Regimen (Adults)

This regimen gives a standard dose of gentamicin of 7mg/kg calculated from ideal body weight.
A serum level is measured 6-14 hours after the first dose to determine the dosage interval (1).

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Step 1: Is the patient suitable?

  • Calculate creatinine clearance (mL/minute):-
Men 1.23 x
(140 – age) x weight in kg
  Women 1.04 x
(140 – age) x weight in kg
serum creatinine (micromol/L)
 
serum creatinine (micromol/L)
Do NOT use this regimen for
  • Pregnant women
  • Children < 16 years
  • Urology surgery prophylaxis
  • Any patient who has
    • Ascites
    • A limb amputation
    • Cystic fibrosis
    • Endocarditis
    • Major burns
    • Renal transplant
    • Renal impairment – creatinine clearance <30mL/min
      Do NOT use eGFR
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STEP 2: Calculate the dose

  • Find out the patient's sex, height, weight in kg
  • Read off the patient’s ideal body weight (IBW) for their sex and their height from the appropriate chart below
  • Compare the patient’s actual body weight (ABW) with their ideal body weight (IBW)
  • If the patient’s ABW is less than their IBW (i.e. they are underweight), use their ABW to estimate the gentamicin dose from the charts below
  • If the patient’s ABW is more than, or the same as, their IBW, use their IBW to estimate the gentamicin dose from the charts below

(To convert from imperial weight measurements to metric 1 stone = 6.35kg 1 lb = 0.45kg)

ADULT MALES (>16 yrs)

Height

IBW
(kg)

Gentamicin
dose (mg)

ABW
(use if less than IBW) (kg)

6’1” or over
(1.85m or over)

Over 79.9

560

78 – 82

5’10” – 6’
(1.77 – 1.82m)

73 – 77.6

520

72 - 77

5’7” – 5’9”
(1.7 – 1.75m)

66.1 – 70.7

480

66 - 71

5’5” – 5’6”
(1.65 – 1.68m)

61.5 – 63.8

440

60 - 65

5’2” – 5’4”
(1.57 – 1.63m)

54.6 – 59.2

400

55 - 59

5’1” or under
(1.55m or under)

Under 52.3

360

49 - 54

ADULT FEMALES (> 16 yrs)

Height

IBW (kg)

Gentamicin dose (mg)

ABW
(use if less than IBW)
(kg)

6’ 3” (1.9m) or over

79.5

560

78 - 82

6’ – 6’2”
(1.82 – 1.88m)

72.6 – 77.2

520

72 - 77

5’10” – 5’11”
(1.77 – 1.8m)

68 – 70.3

480

66 - 71

5’7” – 5’9”
(1.7 – 1.75m)

61.1 – 65.7

440

60 - 65

5’4” – 5’6”
(1.63 – 1.68m)

54.2 – 58.8

400

55 - 59

5’2” – 5’3”
(1.57 – 1.6m)

49.6 – 51.9

360

49 - 54

5’1” or under
(1.55m or under)

Under 47.3

320

43 - 48

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STEP 3: How to give the gentamicin

  • Dilute the gentamicin dose in 100mL sodium chloride 0.9% and give by intravenous infusion over 1 hour.
  • Record on the drug chart the exact start time of the infusion.
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STEP 4: How to measure gentamicin levels

  • Most laboratories are able to do assays daily but not out of hours. Take a blood sample at the right time and the sample will be analysed in hours and the result should be available before the next dose is due.
  • Do not take the blood sample from the IV line used for gentamicin administration.
  • Take one blood sample (ideally 10mL) between 6 and 14 hours after the start of the first infusion.
  • Place sample in a plain tube (i.e. clotted blood).
  • Document on the microbiology request form the EXACT time and date the infusion was set up (see prescription chart) and the EXACT time and date the sample was taken in addition to the patient details and Hartford Gentamicin Regimen
  • The specimen bottle must show the
    • patients name
    • date of birth
    • ward
    • date and time the sample was taken
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STEP 5: Selecting dose interval

 

When the gentamicin level is available:-

  • Plot the level on the nomogram.
  • If the level falls in the area designated 24hours, 36hours or 48hours the dosing interval is 24, 36 or 48 hourly respectively.
  • If the level falls on a line between dosing intervals choose the longer interval.
  • If the level is above the 48 hour line STOP the treatment.  If the gentamicin is to be continued take daily levels but do not give any more gentamicin until the level falls below 2mg/L.
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STEP 6: Repeated monitoring

  • U & Es and creatinine need to be checked daily in all patients on the Hartford Gentamicin Regimen.
  • Repeat gentamicin levels as shown in the table.
  • If the serum creatinine is rising significantly (20% or more), and it is still within 6-14 hours of the start of this gentamicin infusion measure the gentamicin level as soon as possible.  If more than 14 hours contact microbiology or pharmacy for advice.

IBW calculations Female IBW = 45kg + (2.3kg x no. of inches over 5 feet)     Male IBW = 50kg + (2.3kg x no. of inches over 5 feet)
If patient is < 5 feet tall, use IBW = 45kg (females) or 50kg (males)

Box for local information – lab opening times / out of hours arrangements etc

OBTAIN FURTHER ADVICE FROM THE CONSULTANT MICROBIOLOGIST (EXT …)
OR THE ANTIBIOTIC PHARMACIST (EXT …)

Provenance

Record: 1944
Objective:
Clinical condition:

N/A

Target patient group: Adults
Target professional group(s): Secondary Care Doctors
Pharmacists
Adapted from:

Evidence base

Reference
(1) Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy March 1995 ; 39 : 650-655

Approved By

Improving Antimicrobial Prescribing Group

Document history

LHP version 1.0

Related information

Not supplied

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